8 Травня 2018
During the last four years, civilian casualties from mines and ERWs in Donbas have added up to at least 355 dead and 1456 wounded persons.
From May 2014 through to March 2018, incidents with explosive remnants of war (ERW) and mines in the government-controlled area of Donbas at least killed 355 and wounded 1456 civilians, according to the data collected by the MTOT sectors in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts and confirmed by the relevant executive and local self-government bodies.
According to the МТОТ data, there were facts established about 178 dead and 1108 wounded civilians in the Donetsk oblast and about 177 dead and 348 wounded civilians in the Luhansk oblast during this period.
One of the most important mine action (MA) measures is providing assistance to mine and ERW survivors, including their rehabilitation and recovery. To this end, it is critically important to have accurate summarized data about such survivors. However, no official uniform statistical data about civilians killed or wounded by mines or unexploded ordnance (UXO) has been available in Ukraine until now. To rectify the situation, МТОТ has collected such information for the entire period of the conflict in eastern Ukraine between May 2014 and March2018.
For the first time since 2014, МТОТ has collected and summarized this information from all relevant institutions and agencies (State Emergency Service, National Police, hospitals, local healthcare departments etc.), as well as central and local authorities. As a result, objective data were collected about civilians killed or wounded caused by mines or UXO incidents. However, these data are not final, since they include only so far confirmed facts of death or injury, and the total may be higher when new confirmations will be available.
For further processing and subsequent use of these data, МТОТ keeps working on the creation of an open-access geo-data platform. This system will make it possible to access all the available information about hazardous areas, areas to be cleared on a priority basis, and about other MA measures to be undertaken or those that have already been completed on certain territories to ensure safety of residents in a concrete community.
In addition, МТОТ continues developing necessary regulatory documents, taking into account the provisions of international humanitarian law, to facilitate a set of measures that seek to reduce the social, economic and ecological impact of UXO on the life and activities of local residents.
As a next step in strengthening the capacity to coordinate mine action programs and in developing local potential for planning, managing and implementing humanitarian demining projects, МТОТ has launched a pilot project that is supported by the Government of Switzerland.
In addition, to reduce the number of civilian casualties as a result of mine and ERW incidents, МТОТ has commenced the implementation of a number of MA events in specific communities and in collaboration with other central and local authorities.
To perform the above measures and events, МТОТ developed the standard “Mine/ERW risk education in the course of implementing projects and programs in communities” based on the principles and provisions of the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).
For proper implementation of mine/ERW risk education (MRE), in collaboration with the State Emergency Service and supported by the Embassy of the Swiss Confederation in Ukraine, MTOT developed a set of visual stands “Mines and unexploded ordnance” showing the most widely spread explosive items in the conflict area .
The set of stands was approved by the methodological council of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine to be used in comprehensive schools of the country. On 12-13 April 2018, in Pokrovsk (Donetsk oblast) and Sieverodonetsk (Luhansk oblast), MTOT organized trainings for teachers who are teaching MRE at their schools.
The seminars were attended by up to 200 representatives institutions from various districts of the two oblasts. Also involved in the two events were specialists of the State Emergency Service, International Committee of the Red Cross, Luhansk and Donetsk Postgraduate Pedagogical Education Institutes, and the Institute for Modernization of the Education Content of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.