11 Жовтня 2018

Russian Federation Occupation Authorities Violate International Humanitarian Law by Depriving Civilian Population of Property Rights

Due to the fact that occupation administration in the territory of certain regions of Luhansk oblast threatens to deprive persons who temporarily left the territory of the oblast of their residential premises and to pass them on to members of illegal armed groups and other functionaries of the occupation authorities, MTOT initiates the use of international mechanisms to protect property rights and start criminal prosecution of persons involved in making decisions regarding the illegal deprivation of property rights of civilian population.

Russian Federation is responsible for these actions as it directly manages occupation authorities and exercises general control within the occupied territories.

Such actions are a flagrant violation of international humanitarian law. Relevant provisions are contained in Articles 33, 147 of Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 1949. Appropriation of the property of victims of conflicts, robbery and requisition are prohibited by international humanitarian law.

The Hague Convention respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land of1907 secured an official ban on looting (Articles 28, 47), and stated that in a city or locality, even if it was taken by storm, looting was prohibited.

Minister Vadym Chernysh noted that securing human rights and freedoms and resolving humanitarian issues in accordance with provisions of the Geneva Convention relies on an occupant state.

“MTOT will initiate the use of international mechanisms to protect the property rights of Ukrainian population which was forced to leave the occupied territories. We have already addressed law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute those involved in making decisions regarding the illegal deprivation of property rights of civilian population,” stressed the minister.