70TH ANNIVERSARY OF GENEVA CONVENTIONS: UKRAINE ABIDE BY THE NORMS AND PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Four Geneva Conventions directed at protection of victims of armed conflict were signed at the UN Diplomatic Conference on 12th August 1949
Ukraine as a State based on the rule of law and democracy abide by the norms of the convention, and the Ministry for Temporarily Occupied Territories and Internally Displaced Persons together with the International Committee of the Red Cross is doing everything to ensure that international humanitarian law and the Geneva Conventions in particular become part of national legislation.
Preparatory process of these international agreements was preceded by the initiative of the International Committee of the Red Cross (hereinafter referred to as «ICRC») to review the acting provisions of the laws and customs of warfare and to prepare a new convention that would be directed at protection of civilians.
The text prepared by ICRC was taken as a basis for discussion, which, as a result, was signed by representatives of 61 countries of the world.
Nowadays the Geneva Conventions of 1949 ratified by 196 countries, including Ukraine, which makes them one of the most respective international treaties of modern time, supported by the entire international community.
These multilateral agreements are the core of international humanitarian law, which establish the rules of warfare and targeted at limiting the effects of armed conflict.
The seventieth anniversary of the four Geneva Conventions adoption has passed, the application of their provisions for Ukraine remains relevant, and given that the Russian Federation commits the crime of aggression against Ukraine and carries out temporary occupation of part of its territory with the help of armed groups of the Russian Federation.
The Geneva Conventions legally oblige Member States to comply steadily with their provisions and require respect the rules of warfare by all Parties.
In the modern world, the value of the protection proposed by the Geneva Conventions is the most important, however, society continues to keep faith that the legal basis to appeal for their provisions will cease to exist.