ALMOST 80 PER CENT OF IDPs WHO ARE LOOKING FOR A JOB ARE WOMEN: SURVEY RESULTS
The employment situation among displaced persons maintains a tendency to improve. This is borne out by study presented today by International Organization for Migration (hereinafter referred to as «IOM») together with the Ministry for Temporarily Occupied Territories and Internally Displaced Persons of Ukraine and the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine. The latest survey round was conducted in January–March 2019 with the financial support of the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (hereinafter referred to as «PRM») of United States Department of State
As of March 2019, 48% of IDPs were employed, which is 5% higher compared with September of last year. Most of the employed displaced persons have a stable job: over two thirds of them (71%) have not changed jobs for more than 12 months. The same is the part of employed IDPs, who noted that the current job corresponds to their qualifications.
While the unemployment level among displaced persons is decreasing, the study shows that the extraordinary majority (79%) of the unemployed IDPs who are actively looking for a job are women. Among respondents who reported that they had difficulty finding a job are predominantly women.
In terms of well-being, internally displaced persons are also not a homogeneous group. The results of the analysis indicate that the level of the average monthly income per household member of IDPs varies depending on the type of residential area. In rural areas, this figure is the lowest (1710 UAH), and in cities it is much higher (3090 UAH). IDPs that are living in cities twice as often assessed their own financial situation as «there is enough money for food, necessary clothes, shoes, basic needs» compared with those living in rural area (51% and 23%, respectively).
«Within the framework of National Monitoring System Report on the Situation of Internally Displaced Persons, IOM continues to regularly collect and analyze differentiated data for various categories of IDPs. We help the most vulnerable. Since 2014, IOM has assisted over 422,000 vulnerable displaced and conflict-affected people in Ukraine,» said HazimTorlic, IOM Ukraine Officer in Charge, «Profound understanding of the various dimensions of displacement, in particular its gender aspect and the differences between the city and rural area, assists governmental and humanitarian organizations to orient in the complex phenomenon of forced displacement».
«The positive factor is that the level of integration of IDPs into host territorial communities is growing according to different indicators. To a certain extent, this testifies the cohesion of government bodies and civilians towards achieving this goal. At the same time a major challenge is the lack of housing for the majority of displaced persons. The solution of this problem is a multilateral process, which requires steps on the part of IDPs, authorities and host territorial communities. Therefore, in order to assist in resolving this issue, the Government established a mechanism for the distribution and provision of housing for temporary accommodation of IDPs, taking into account the criteria of their vulnerability. This will allow applying the same approach in all areas to effectively use funds from the state budget for the acquisition of temporary housing for IDPs,» said Viktoriia Voronina, the Deputy Minister for Temporarily Occupied Territories and Internally Displaced Persons of Ukraine.
Since March 2016 IOM has been conducting regular surveys on the situation of internally displaced persons in Ukraine. In the last 13th round a total of 2,402 respondents were interviewed face to face, and 4,028 by telephone.