INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN - 20TH ANNIVERSARY OF UN DECLARATION
On 17 December 1999, the United Nations General Assembly designated November 25 as the annual date for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women in commemoration of the Mirabal sisters, political activists, who were brutally murdered in 1960 on the orders of Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo.
According to the United Nations definition, violence against women is a violation of human rights as a result of discrimination against women in law and the gender inequality in practice.
Gender-based violence is still a relevant issue throughout the world, including in Ukraine, and it has escalated as a result of the prolonged armed aggression of the Russian Federation.
Involving society and authorities in overcoming discrimination and gender stereotypes both with respect to veterans and women - internally displaced persons is one of the important issues in the work of the Ministry for Veterans Affairs, Temporarily Occupied Territories and Internally Displaced Persons of Ukraine.
«Today, one of our priorities is to comprehensively facilitate the integration of internally displaced persons, in particular women, into host communities, as well as the rehabilitation of veterans, their return to a successful civilian life», ‒ noted Minister Oksana Koliada.
It is important to remember that, according to the report of the International Organization for Migration, internally displaced women often experience discrimination during the process of employment; in particular, almost 80 percent of IDPs who are looking for work are women.
Also, according to the results of the sociological study «Invisible Battalion 2.0»: Women Veterans Returning to Peaceful Life», which was carried out in the framework of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on «Women. Peace. Security» in Ukraine, women play a significant role in the processes of preventing and resolving conflicts, conducting peace negotiations, peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance. This study emphasizes the importance of equal participation of women and men in all areas of assistance, peacebuilding and security.
The Ukrainian Government, in cooperation with the UN Women, has achieved the following results:
- advocacy and cooperation between the women's veterans movement and the Ministry for Veterans Affairs have facilitated enactment of Act No.2523 on amending certain laws of Ukraine on ensuring equal rights and opportunities for women and men in military service in the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military units, which abolished discriminatory provisions regarding retirement age for men and women;
- The Ministry took the lead and played a significant role in the revision of the National Action Plan for the Implementation of the Recommendations set out in the Concluding Observations of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in the eighth periodic report of Ukraine on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and for the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 «Women, Peace and Security» (UNRDR 1325);
- in November 2018, the Ministry also contributed to the approval by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of the Action Plan for the realization of the Strategy for the Integration of Internally Displaced Persons for the period until 2020, which took into account 36 of the 76 gender-sensitive recommendations provided by IDP women.