UNGA’S THIRD COMMITTEE DECLARED THE RUSSIAN AUTHORITIES IN CRIMEA TO BE ILLEGAL
That has been stated in the updated Resolution of the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly on Social and Humanitarian Affairs "Human Rights Situation in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine", which was adopted on Wednesday, November 18.
The resolution was co-sponsored by Ukraine, Georgia, Germany, USA, UK, France, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and several other partner countries of Ukraine. The resolution was supported by 63 countries.
"We are sincerely grateful to our friends, UN member states, for consistent and continuous support to Ukraine, our sovereignty and territorial integrity within internationally recognized borders. I hope that after the approval of the resolution in December, the UN General Assembly, due to the consolidated position of the international community and pressure on the Russian Federation, Russia will fulfil all the articles and finally liberate the occupied Ukrainian territories. I am also grateful for attention to the problematic issues of Crimean Tatar people. In particular, the call to cancel all illegal decisions to ban Mejlis, to stop persecution and discrimination of Crimean Tatars. The fifth consecutive resolution on Crimea clearly demonstrates the condemnation of the occupation of the Peninsula by the world community, as well as confirms the urgent need for access of international organizations to the Peninsula," emphasized Oleksii Reznikov, Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine, Minister for Reintegration of TOT of Ukraine.
Consequently, the resolution states that the Russian Federation discriminates against the residents of the Peninsula, including Crimean Tatars, as well as Ukrainians and persons belonging to other ethnic and religious groups. The Third Committee of the UN General Assembly condemns human rights violations in the occupied Crimea, attempt of annexation and temporary occupation of the Peninsula by Russia; condemns the imposition of Russian citizenship, illegal election campaigns and voting, the change in the demographic composition of the population of Crimea and the suppression of national identity.
The resolution condemns the illegal establishment of Russian jurisdiction and administration in Crimea and specifically notes that the bodies and officials of the Russian Federation established in the temporarily occupied Crimea are illegal and should be called exclusively "the occupying authorities of the Russian Federation".
The Third Committee of the UN General Assembly is concerned that existing international treaties on human rights obligations, to which Ukraine is a party, are not fully complied with by the occupying state in Crimea.
Besides, the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly confirmed its deep concern that the occupying state continues to deny access to Crimea for the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission and the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission despite their mandate, which covers the whole territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders.
The Committee is concerned about the inadequate conditions of detention in penal institutions; the forcing of residents of the occupied Crimea to swear allegiance to the occupying state; the conduct of searches and raids by Russian authorities; and the restrictions faced by Ukrainians, including Crimean Tatars, in the exercise of their economic, social and cultural rights and the inability to preserve their identity and culture and education in Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar languages.
The Committee is concerned about the destructive activities of the occupying state, accompanied by expropriation of land, demolition of houses, depletion of natural and agricultural resources, have a negative impact and contribute to changing the economic and demographic structure of Crimea.
Serious concern was also raised on announcement of Mejlis of Crimean Tatar people as extremist organization and prohibition of its activity and illegal decisions of the Russian Federation on this issue have not been cancelled yet.
The Third Committee of the UN General Assembly called on Russia to:
- respect for freedom of thought and expression;
- cease the practice of criminal prosecution of Crimean residents who resist conscription into the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation;
- establish conditions as well as provide the means to allow voluntary, safe, dignified and unhindered return of all internally displaced persons and refugees adversely affected by the temporary occupation of Crimea by the Russian Federation to their homes;
- provide detailed information on a regular basis on the spread of COVID-19 in Crimea and on the measures that the occupying state is taking to ensure and maintain the health and hygiene of the population in Crimea and to assist the population of these territories in countering the pandemic and the like.
The Third Committee of the UN General Assembly calls on member states to engage constructively in joint efforts to improve the human rights situation in the occupied Peninsula, as well as to continue to use all diplomatic means to exert pressure and to call on the Russian Federation to comply with its obligations in accordance with the international humanitarian law and to allow unhindered access to the Crimea for the monitoring missions, in particular the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission and the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission.