Ukrainian Delegation Met with Representatives of Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Minister Vadym Chernysh as a member of Ukrainian delegation is on a working visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Within the framework of the visit, several meetings of Ukrainian delegation with representatives of Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees of Bosnia and Herzegovina took place.
The Minister for Human Rights and Refugees of Bosnia and Herzegovina Semiha Borovac briefed the participants of Ukrainian delegation on key areas of work and core programs for work with internally displaced persons. Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina resolves issues regarding housing for IDPs by providing temporary housing and special programs for re-accommodation of IDPs. In the near future, a delegation from MTOT will visit Bosnia and Herzegovina exclusively for studying the experience of resolving housing issues of IDPs. Ukraine already has certain achievements in this area, because for the second consecutive year within the framework of a 50/50 subvention from the state and local budgets territorial communities provide temporary accommodation for internally displaced persons.
Minister Vadym Chernysh familiarized Bosnian and Herzegovinian side with reintegration policy of Ukraine, and also invited Semiha Borovac and his colleagues from the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees to visit Ukraine to exchange experience.
Matters of mine action: demining, risk assessment of hazards from explosive objects, etc. are still relevant for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Deputy Minister of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina Suad Dzafic noted that over the past 20 years 75% of the territory of mined land was cleared, with a total area of the country of 4200 square kilometers.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs operates a Demining Center (hereinafter - the Center), which is a civilian institution. The work of the center is directly related to creating mine contamination maps, study of risks of mines and explosive remnants of war, inspection of territory, detection and removal of explosive objects. The Center operates on the basis of special operating guides and standards developed in accordance with International Mine Action Standards (IMAS). The Center developed several mechanisms for examination, detection and neutralization of explosive objects: special machines and armored vehicles are involved in the process of demining, as well as specialists with metal detectors and mine detection dogs. 52 Belgian shepherds that are trained in special cynological centers show rather high results. The training of one shepherd costs the state EUR 30,000, but the efficiency of the animals is worth the costs. Every year, trainers and animals undergo a qualification test for further work. In turn, the machines are checked every 2 years. In total, the Center has 8 regional offices with 8 specialists each.
The issue of demining remains one of the priority areas of MTOT work. The experience of Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the most successful examples of demining activities in the conflict affected country.
Therefore, given the situation with the mine contamination in eastern regions of Ukraine, Minister Vadym Chernysh invited Center's specialists to visit Ukraine as part of the exchange of positive experiences in the field of mine action, which should be used in Ukraine. Bosnian colleagues gladly accepted the offer, the parties agreed to meet again soon.
Also during the visit, the Minister met with the leadership of the Foreign Trade Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the meeting, the parties presented opportunities for mutual investments; in particular, the parties were interested in cooperation in the field of production of electrical equipment.