NEW, TRANSPARENT MECHANISM FOR THE DISTRIBUTION AND PROVISION OF TEMPORARY HOUSING FOR INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN UKRAINE
Today, the Government of Ukraine has approved a Regulation developed by MTOT, which determines the Procedure for the formation of housing funds for temporary residence of internally displaced persons and the Procedure for the provision of temporary use of living quarters from housing funds for the temporary residence of internally displaced persons
The adoption of the Regulation will allow:
- to apply a fair transparent mechanism of the point distribution system and the provision of temporary accommodationfor IDPs;
- to provide with living quarters the most vulnerable categories of civilians among the IDPs: families with minor children, including those with disabilities; pregnant women; persons who have lost ability to work; persons of retirement age;
- to accelerate the integration of IDPs to host communities.
The basis of the procedure is a point distribution system based on vulnerability criteria.
Since 2017, MTOT has implemented several pilot projects usingthe following point system in Mariupol, Lyman, Pokrovsk, Slaviansk of Donetsk oblast, Popasna and Zolote of Luhansk oblast, Berdiansk and Prymorsk of Zaporizhia oblast, and Kryvyi Rih of Dnipro oblast.
The executive committees of these local councils, in cooperation with MTOT have developed and approved appropriate procedures for the distribution and provision of living quarters for the temporary residence of internally displaced persons. These procedures are implemented on the basis of a point system, which provides for taking into account the criteria of civilians' vulnerability, fair distribution, and the absence of corruption influence. The point system was developed on the basis of the experience of Georgia, transferred to MTOT in the framework of cooperation with the Danish Refugee Council during implementation of the project «Technical Assistance to the Government of Ukraine through lessons learned from the Georgian experience» with the support of the US Government.
Local councils, who agreed to implement the pilot project of MTOT, were able to provide housing for more than 600 internally displaced persons. It is worth noting that for 3 years there has not been a single appeal against decisions made by local councils; it only confirms the fact of the effectiveness of the newly adopted procedure.
From now on, the newly adopted Regulation will allow applying the same approach to the effective use of subvention funds, in which due to MTOT and the local government's co-financing purchasing of housing for IDPs is conducted.
The purchase of temporary housing for internally displaced persons is carried out on the basis of co-financing: 50% of MTOT funds from distribution of the government grant, and another 50% is allocated from the local budget.