IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS - INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS

04.09.2019 | 17:42

MTOT draws attention to the problems of women who have been negatively affected by armed conflict in certain territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, and the importance of women's participation and the inclusion of gender perspectives in the processes of peacebuilding

In the modern world, including Ukraine, women still have less opportunities than men to influence the process of adopting state and strategic decisions, but at the same time they work more with people and assist in solving specific and everyday problems which can be faced by citizens.

Ukraine, which in its development focuses on European values, has adopted a number of strategic documents* to promote gender equality, non-discrimination, equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

In accordance with the Law of Ukraine «On Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men», the executive authorities have been entrusted with a number of important tasks to ensure equal rights and opportunities for women and men, preventing and eliminating gender-based violence.

In Ukraine, because of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in certain territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, realization of human rights is essential. Military activities that last more than five years increase the number of cases of domestic and gender-based violence and require special attention to respecting the rights of women and men of different social groups.

Armed conflict in Ukraine has disastrous consequences and often leads to increased gender inequality between men and women. In addition, women and children are often targeted by military tactics such as sexual violence, and they constitute the majority of internally displaced persons.

Based on official statistics, 58% of internally displaced persons are women:

- older women make up 74% of the total number of older people affected by the conflict, including IDPs;

- 22% of women of the age of 15-49 have experienced psychological or sexual abuse;

- women make up 76,5% of victims of human trafficking.

In addition, among internally displaced persons, the number of women who raise children on their own is significantly greater than the total figure for Ukraine.

In the beginning of 2018, MTOT took the initiative to include the Ministry in the list of executors of the National Action Plan for the Implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325 «Women, Peace, Security», since the implementation of the National Action Plan will contribute to stable peace, conflict resolution, and active participation of women in peace-making processes, protecting women and girls affected by the conflict, and preventing and eliminating gender-based violence.

Thus, in September 2018, with the active participation of MTOT, the Government adopted two important documents, which, among other things, identify new executors, in particular, MTOT and local authorities joined the process:

-Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from September 5, 2018 No. 637-p «On Amendment to the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from February 24, 2016 No. 113», which effectuate the task of the National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council resolution 1325 «Women, Peace, Security» until 2021 (this is the second National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council resolution 1325 «Women, Peace, Security»);

-Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from September 5, 2018 No. 634-p «On Approval of the National Action Plan for the Implementation of the Recommendations set out in the Concluding Observations of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in the eighth periodic report of Ukraine on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women until 2021».

It is important to note that the State Target Program for the Restoration and Development of Peace in the Eastern Regions of Ukraine**, developed by MTOT in 2017, provides for a number of important measures towards strengthening gender equality, in particular:

-on leadership skills building for women, supporting start-up of own business by women from villages;

- to expand opportunities for involving internally displaced persons and other persons affected by armed conflict, in particular women, in participation in decision-making processes;

- to strengthen security in territorial communities and implement measures to prevent gender-based violence and so on.

In the meantime, ensuring all categories of internally displaced persons, including women and girls, with high-quality access to medical services, education, food, housing, freedom of movement, registration of social benefits, justice, making long-term decisions, as well as ensuring stable employment provided for in the Strategy of Integration of Internally Displaced Personsand Implementation of Long-Term Solutions to Internal Displacement until 2020 and the Action Plan*** by MTOT for its implementation.

Gender mainstreaming is envisaged by the following measures of the Plan:

- an analysis of the housing needs of internally displaced persons;

- development and provision of equal rights for access to social security services;

- monitoring and evaluating of the integration of internally displaced persons;

- conducting training seminars for representatives of law enforcement agencies on security issues in territorial communities;

- prevention and response to gender-based violence;

- ensuring women's participation in the formation and implementation of regional policies.

Also at the end of 2018, Ministry took part in the international campaign «16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence», which is held annually and lasts from November 25, International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, until December 19 - Human Rights Day. As part of this campaign, with the assistance of MTOT, a series of posters opposed to violence against women and children were placed at five entry/exit checkpoints (EECP) in Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.

MTOT in its daily work draws attention to the problems of women who have been negatively affected by armed conflict in certain territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, and the importance of women's participation and the inclusion of gender perspectives in the processes of peacebuilding - peace negotiations, humanitarian planning, peacekeeping and processes of post-conflict peace and governance, reintegration and so on.

__________________________

* Strategic documents adopted by Ukraine to promote gender equality, non-discrimination, equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

-Strategy of Public Administration Reform in Ukraine in 2016-2020

-National Human Rights Strategy and the Action Plan to Implement the National Human Rights Strategy

-Strategy for the development of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine until 2020

-National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325 “Women, Peace, Security”

-State Social Programme on ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men for the period until 2021

-The Law of Ukraine «On Prevention and Counteraction to Domestic Violence», which entered into force on January 7, 2018. It contains a comprehensive approach to response; amendments to the Code of Administrative Offences, Code of Civil Procedure, Law on Trial Collection; criminalization of domestic violence.

** Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from December 13, 2017 No. 1071 «On Approval of the State Target Program for the Restoration and Development of Peace in the Eastern Regions of Ukraine»

*** Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from November 15, 2017 No. 909-p «On Approval of the Strategy of Integration of Internally Displaced Persons and Implementation of Long-Term Solutions to Internal Displacement until 2020 and Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from November 21, 2018 «On Approval of the Action Plan for Implementation of the Strategy of Integration of Internally Displaced Persons and Implementation of Long-Term Solutions to Internal Displacement until 2020»

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IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS - INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS

04.09.2019 | 17:42

MTOT draws attention to the problems of women who have been negatively affected by armed conflict in certain territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, and the importance of women's participation and the inclusion of gender perspectives in the processes of peacebuilding

In the modern world, including Ukraine, women still have less opportunities than men to influence the process of adopting state and strategic decisions, but at the same time they work more with people and assist in solving specific and everyday problems which can be faced by citizens.

Ukraine, which in its development focuses on European values, has adopted a number of strategic documents* to promote gender equality, non-discrimination, equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

In accordance with the Law of Ukraine «On Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men», the executive authorities have been entrusted with a number of important tasks to ensure equal rights and opportunities for women and men, preventing and eliminating gender-based violence.

In Ukraine, because of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in certain territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, realization of human rights is essential. Military activities that last more than five years increase the number of cases of domestic and gender-based violence and require special attention to respecting the rights of women and men of different social groups.

Armed conflict in Ukraine has disastrous consequences and often leads to increased gender inequality between men and women. In addition, women and children are often targeted by military tactics such as sexual violence, and they constitute the majority of internally displaced persons.

Based on official statistics, 58% of internally displaced persons are women:

- older women make up 74% of the total number of older people affected by the conflict, including IDPs;

- 22% of women of the age of 15-49 have experienced psychological or sexual abuse;

- women make up 76,5% of victims of human trafficking.

In addition, among internally displaced persons, the number of women who raise children on their own is significantly greater than the total figure for Ukraine.

In the beginning of 2018, MTOT took the initiative to include the Ministry in the list of executors of the National Action Plan for the Implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325 «Women, Peace, Security», since the implementation of the National Action Plan will contribute to stable peace, conflict resolution, and active participation of women in peace-making processes, protecting women and girls affected by the conflict, and preventing and eliminating gender-based violence.

Thus, in September 2018, with the active participation of MTOT, the Government adopted two important documents, which, among other things, identify new executors, in particular, MTOT and local authorities joined the process:

-Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from September 5, 2018 No. 637-p «On Amendment to the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from February 24, 2016 No. 113», which effectuate the task of the National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council resolution 1325 «Women, Peace, Security» until 2021 (this is the second National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council resolution 1325 «Women, Peace, Security»);

-Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from September 5, 2018 No. 634-p «On Approval of the National Action Plan for the Implementation of the Recommendations set out in the Concluding Observations of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in the eighth periodic report of Ukraine on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women until 2021».

It is important to note that the State Target Program for the Restoration and Development of Peace in the Eastern Regions of Ukraine**, developed by MTOT in 2017, provides for a number of important measures towards strengthening gender equality, in particular:

-on leadership skills building for women, supporting start-up of own business by women from villages;

- to expand opportunities for involving internally displaced persons and other persons affected by armed conflict, in particular women, in participation in decision-making processes;

- to strengthen security in territorial communities and implement measures to prevent gender-based violence and so on.

In the meantime, ensuring all categories of internally displaced persons, including women and girls, with high-quality access to medical services, education, food, housing, freedom of movement, registration of social benefits, justice, making long-term decisions, as well as ensuring stable employment provided for in the Strategy of Integration of Internally Displaced Personsand Implementation of Long-Term Solutions to Internal Displacement until 2020 and the Action Plan*** by MTOT for its implementation.

Gender mainstreaming is envisaged by the following measures of the Plan:

- an analysis of the housing needs of internally displaced persons;

- development and provision of equal rights for access to social security services;

- monitoring and evaluating of the integration of internally displaced persons;

- conducting training seminars for representatives of law enforcement agencies on security issues in territorial communities;

- prevention and response to gender-based violence;

- ensuring women's participation in the formation and implementation of regional policies.

Also at the end of 2018, Ministry took part in the international campaign «16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence», which is held annually and lasts from November 25, International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, until December 19 - Human Rights Day. As part of this campaign, with the assistance of MTOT, a series of posters opposed to violence against women and children were placed at five entry/exit checkpoints (EECP) in Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.

MTOT in its daily work draws attention to the problems of women who have been negatively affected by armed conflict in certain territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, and the importance of women's participation and the inclusion of gender perspectives in the processes of peacebuilding - peace negotiations, humanitarian planning, peacekeeping and processes of post-conflict peace and governance, reintegration and so on.

__________________________

* Strategic documents adopted by Ukraine to promote gender equality, non-discrimination, equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

-Strategy of Public Administration Reform in Ukraine in 2016-2020

-National Human Rights Strategy and the Action Plan to Implement the National Human Rights Strategy

-Strategy for the development of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine until 2020

-National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325 “Women, Peace, Security”

-State Social Programme on ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men for the period until 2021

-The Law of Ukraine «On Prevention and Counteraction to Domestic Violence», which entered into force on January 7, 2018. It contains a comprehensive approach to response; amendments to the Code of Administrative Offences, Code of Civil Procedure, Law on Trial Collection; criminalization of domestic violence.

** Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from December 13, 2017 No. 1071 «On Approval of the State Target Program for the Restoration and Development of Peace in the Eastern Regions of Ukraine»

*** Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from November 15, 2017 No. 909-p «On Approval of the Strategy of Integration of Internally Displaced Persons and Implementation of Long-Term Solutions to Internal Displacement until 2020 and Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from November 21, 2018 «On Approval of the Action Plan for Implementation of the Strategy of Integration of Internally Displaced Persons and Implementation of Long-Term Solutions to Internal Displacement until 2020»